Empire style in architecture
Empire style appeared in art and architecture in the late XVIII – early XIX century, after the French Revolution and in the period of Napoleon’s empire. The very name of the style comes from the French word “empire” – empire. The main purpose of art in this era was the eulogy of the empire and the emperor, its greatness and military success, which determined the characteristic features of the style. This was manifested in the enthusiasm for the construction of triumphal arches, memorial obelisks and columns.
The combination of simple geometric shapes with military emblems in decorative elements. Like its predecessor, classicism, Empire style focuses on architectural samples of antiquity, taking from them the motives for embodying the idea of grandeur and power of military force: monumental, massively porticos, a combination of simple geometric shapes with military emblematic in decorative elements. The main decorative motifs of the Empire style were precisely the attributes of Roman military history: massive porticoes, legion signs with eagles, lions, bundles of spears, shields, and lictor’s axes.
Surprisingly, with all its military pathos and normative architecture, Empire was romantic. This was facilitated by the ancient Egyptian motifs in decorative elements, which appeared in French architecture after Napoleon’s campaign in Egypt, and also inherited from Roman architecture, which during the period of the ancient Roman Empire experienced a strong influence of Egyptian art. Roman military motifs and Egyptian exotic harmoniously intertwined in the Empire, without violating the integrity of the style.
Roman architecture – stucco facade decor. In addition to France, the Empire style took root in Russia, but differed from the French more freedom, softness and plasticity. It is divided into two branches: the capital and the provincial, and the style of country noble estates is distinguished by even greater originality and freedom.
The facade decor in the Empire style gives the building a majestic and calm look, unobtrusively emphasizing the status of the owner of the house.
The facade décor of the archkamnya in the Empire style. In the photo below you can see the façade colors that are often found between the Empire style buildings – red-brown brick walls and white décor. Today, this is easily accomplished through the use of facade cladding thermopanels, which at the same time create a “brick” facade thanks to a clinker tile, and insulate the facade being repaired. Since there are a huge number of solutions of the texture and color of the clinker tile, it is possible to create exactly the coloristic solution of the facade of a building, which is supposed to be given by the architectural style. The color of the facade, which is quite often encountered between the Empire style buildings
Thus, the Empire style, which came to us from Napoleon, becomes quite achievable thanks to modern materials for the facade.